S.I.80 does not make any additional provision for dispensations but does specify that they will be included on the Building Control Authority Register. Under the 1990 Building Control Act “a building control authority may, if it considers it reasonable having regard to all the circumstances of the case, grant a dispensation from, or a relaxation of, any requirement of building regulations”.
However, there are some difficulties with the provisions for dispensations. David Keane (Building and the Law, Gandon 2003) sets this out:
“Section 4 of the Building Control Act contains the provisions for dispensation or relaxation. At the time that Act was drafted, it was anticipated that the Building Regulations might be in the form of the revised draft Building Regulations which were originally published in 1981, but in the event the Regulations as they finally appeared were so concise that any relaxation or dispensation is almost impossible. Take for instance Part F, which says: ‘Adequate means of ventilation shall be provided for people in buildings.’ Remember that the technical guidance documents are not the Building Regulations. The Building Regulations are the items set out in S.I. 497 of 1997 and nothing else. They are the law. It would be difficult to imagine a situation where an application could be made to allow inadequate means of ventilation for people in buildings. It can be taken that the relaxation and dispensation provisions will not trouble us very much, although it is possible that sympathetic use might well be made of them in the difficult cases of material alterations”.
This means that although a provision for dispensations is included in the Building Control Act, in practice it is not workable and the Certifier does not have easy recourse to this provision.
There are no transition arrangements in S.I.80. The Regulations where a Commencement Notice is lodged on or after 1 March 2014 including
- the design and construction of a new dwelling;
- an extension to a dwelling involving a total floor area no greater than 40 square metres (this was an error in the published regulation and is to be corrected to mean domestic extensions over 40 square metres);
- works which require a Fire Safety Certificate (this will include new build, extensions, works to existing building, material alterations and later phases of some projects).
It can take many months and sometimes years from the date the professional team is appointed to when a building is ready to commence on site. Without transition arrangements, projects designed or partially built under older standards will pose particular difficulties after 1 March.
Furthermore, as Commencement Notices are lodged for each building, rather than for the whole development, sections of projects may come under the new arrangements and this has implications for completing ghost estates, fit-outs, phased work and re-starting abandoned projects.